What is Cross Docking?
Cross docking is a type of An order is a request to ship products, following … picking in which the A merchandise or materials which are used to satis… are distributed directly to the user without going through a previous storage period . It matters little whether the products are Crude or processed material that can be converted …, finished items or components destined for factories, physical stores or end customers. Cross docking can adapt to any of these scenarios.
Following the cross docking strategy , the goods remain in the A place to store goods. for a very short time after they are received. In addition, it is not placed on the racks, so it is not necessary to carry out the 1) The operations involved in pulling products fro… process . Therein lies the The place where a shipment begins its movement. of the term in English, as the operation simply requires crossing the docks of the warehouse ( cross the docks ).
Let’s see in detail what this logistical Work performed by people, equipment, technologies,… is for and the most common types of cross docking .
How do cross docking operations work ?
In a traditional supply chain , the A place to store goods. represents a crucial The transportation method a company uses to connec… connecting suppliers (supply) to consumers (demand). This flow is discontinuous , since supply and demand are not synchronized and the connecting link is based on the warehouse figure. In it, the A merchandise or materials which are used to satis… are stored until demand is activated .
However, the advancement of information systems and software applied to The process of planning, implementing, and control… has given rise to increasingly agile and integrated supply chains. In this context, cross docking is popularized , since an essential requirement for it to work successfully is the perfect coordination of all those involved : suppliers, stockists, transporters and end users.
Even within the installation itself, it is necessary to have a powerful The system used in effectively managing warehouse … More (A warehouse management system is a software applic…) as an essential tool to effectively respond to the requirements of cross docking .
Cross docking phases
In general, we can conclude that the main phases of the cross docking operation are:
- 1. Scheduling Outbound logistics, from the end of the production… by suppliers.
- 2. Receipt of the goods at the warehouse.
- 3. Registration and review of incoming A load of materials being transported by a vehicle… as part of the 1) A process through which a company strives to en… A series of time-based activities linked to comple….
- 4. Repacking, An order is a request to ship products, following … Combining two or more shipments in order to realiz… (if necessary) and 1) Lot of freight tendered to carrier by consignee… of the goods.
Types of cross docking
The cross docking Work performed by people, equipment, technologies,… can be carried out with different load units (pallets, boxes, kits…). There are different ways to organize the cross docking typologies , but if we follow the steps required to carry it out, we can highlight:
1. Pre-distributed cross docking
Pre-distributed represents the most basic cross docking model . In it, the load units are already prepared and organized by the supplier considering the final demand. Therefore, the cross docking operation is “reduced” when The function encompassing the physical receipt of … the goods and The carrier activities involved with controlling e… them, requiring little intervention from the warehouse workers.
2. Consolidated cross docking
In a consolidated cross docking scheme , the goods must be handled to be adapted to the requirements of the end 1) In VMI, the trading partner or reseller, i.e., …. Soon the received cargo units are transferred to a cross docking area or packaging area to be examined and adapted to the orders demanded.
This can mean organizing pallets from smaller load units or the other way around: dividing merchandise into individual packages or Something that has been or is being produced. kits.
3. Hybrid cross docking
This is a more complex type of cross docking that consists of preparing orders in the packaging area with a part of the goods coming from the trucks received and with another part of the goods stored in the installation. In such cases, incoming goods can be moved to a temporary storage area instead of cross docking directly .
It is a more flexible type of cross docking , which allows for a greater variety of cases to be dealt with, but which also requires effective coordination of all tasks linked to this operation.
Cross docking is not a new concept, but many companies are making use of it to meet the needs of an omnichannel supply chain . In any case, before adding it to our Assembling a customer’s order from items in storag… strategies it is important to know the advantages and disadvantages of cross docking and the situations where it has proven to be a successful tactic. Only then will we be able to assess the suitability of this practice for our company.